Engineering Specializations for a Student

Published - Thu, 20 Oct 2022

Engineering Specializations for a Student

Engineering Specializations for a Student

1. Acoustic Engineering

Acoustic or Sound Engineering teaches students how to design sound-proof buildings and rooms, and develop techniques, and sound-absorbing materials to reduce noise. Correspondingly, it plays a key role in enhancing the sound quality for public platforms, such as auditoriums and halls. Acoustic Engineers work with construction companies involved in building large halls, buildings and public address systems; theatres and producers of large music systems or speakers. At a time when the real estate industry is experiencing an unprecedented boom, this discipline offers great opportunities.

2. Aeronautical / Aerospace / Astronautical Engineering

An Aeronautical engineer is involved in developing various technologies related to aircrafts, spaceships and missiles. Aeronautics and astronautics are among the most popular of engineering disciplines. Most students wish to work with NASA after pursuing this branch of Engineering. One can join a space research organization or, can become an Astronaut. Some students may go on to work with airplane or missile manufacturing companies. Originally called aeronautical engineering and dealing solely with aircraft, the broader term "aerospace engineering" has replaced the former in most usage, as flight technology has become more advanced and includes craft operating outside the Earth's atmosphere. In analogy with "aeronautical engineering", the branch is sometimes referred to as astronautical engineering, although this term usually only concerns craft which operate in outer space.

3. Agriculture Engineering

A student, after getting this degree, can work in designing agricultural equipment, which may lead to control of soil erosion. Agricultural engineers work in irrigation and land conservation projects; and efficient processing, transporting and storing of agricultural products for maximum freshness and minimum losses; and also to reduce any kind of human effort involved in these chores.

4. Automobiles engineering

Students of this branch of engineering study about developing various technologies related to automobiles and other vehicles as well as their design and production. With the growing automobile industry, this branch of engineering provides lucrative job opportunities and excellent compensation for fresh engineering graduates as well as experienced professionals.

5. Biochemical Engineering

Biochemical engineering is a branch of chemical engineering that mainly deals with the design and construction of unit processes that involve biological organisms or molecules. Biochemical engineering is often taught as a supplementary option to chemical engineering due to the similarities in both the background subject curriculum and problem-solving techniques used by both professions. Its applications are used in the pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and water treatment industries

6. Biomedical Engineering

Biomedical engineering (BME) is the application of engineering principles and techniques to the medical field. It combines the design and problem solving expertise of engineering with the medical expertise of physicians to help improve patient health care and the quality of life of healthy individuals. As a relatively new discipline, much of the work in biomedical engineering consists of research and development, covering an array of fields: bioinformatics, medical imaging, image processing, physiological signal processing, biomechanics, biomaterials and bioengineering, systems analysis, 3-D modeling, etc. Examples of concrete applications of biomedical engineering are the development and manufacture of biocompatible prostheses, medical devices, diagnostic devices and imaging equipment such as MRIs and EEGs, and pharmaceutical drugs.

7. Chemical Engineering

Chemical engineering is the branch of engineering that deals with the application of physical science (e.g. chemistry and physics), with mathematics, to the process of converting raw materials or chemicals into more useful or valuable forms. As well as producing useful materials, chemical engineering is also concerned with pioneering valuable new materials and techniques; an important form of research and development. A person employed in this field is called a chemical engineer. Chemical engineering largely involves barfing and reproducing. Chemical engineers in this branch are usually employed under the title of process engineer. The development of the large-scale processes characteristic of industrialized economies is a feat of chemical engineering, not chemistry. Indeed, chemical engineers are responsible for the availability of the modern high-quality materials that are essential for running an industrial economy.

8. Civil engineering

Civil engineering -- one of the oldest branches of engineering and the first to develop scientific principles -- deals mainly with construction. Their applications can be found in construction of buildings, bridges, roads, highways, flyovers and all kinds of structures for airports, railways and many other constructions. The real estate, infrastructure, and construction industry is growing at a very fast pace in India. These industries serve as excellent career options for civil engineers and architects. The salaries of civil engineers and architects have been growing exponentially in the last few years.

9. Computers engineering/ Software engineering/ Information Technology

In Computer Science and Software Engineering branches, both the hardware and software of computers is taught. This branch of engineering deals with all aspects of Information technology, like applications of artificial intelligence, robotics and computations used in modern industrial scenario. Software involves learning programming languages and operating systems, which may be used to develop application programs for man-machine interface.

Computer engineering (also called electronic and computer engineering) is a discipline that combines elements of both electrical engineering and computer science. Computer engineers are electrical engineers that have additional training in the areas of software design and hardware-software integration. In turn, they focus less on power electronics and physics. Computer engineers are involved in many aspects of computing, from the design of individual microprocessors, personal computers, and supercomputers, to circuit design. This engineering discipline is especially useful for integrating embedded systems into devices and machines (for example, several embedded computer systems are used to control and monitor the many subsystems in motor vehicles). Usual tasks involving computer engineers include writing software and firmware for embedded microcontrollers, designing VLSI chips, designing analog sensors, designing mixed signal circuit boards, and designing operating systems. Computer engineers are also suited for robotics research, which relies heavily on using digital systems to control and monitor electrical systems like motors, communications, and sensors.

Information technology (IT) is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. In short, IT deals with the use of electronic computers and computer software to convert, store, protect, process, transmit and retrieve information.

Software engineering is the application of a systematic, disciplined, quantifiable approach to the development, operation, and maintenance of software. The discipline of software engineering encompasses knowledge, tools, and methods for defining software requirements, and performing software design, software construction, software testing, and software maintenance tasks. Software engineering also draws on knowledge from fields such as computer engineering, computer science, management, mathematics, project management, quality management, software ergonomics, and systems engineering.

10. Electronics engineering/ Electronics and Tele-Communication

Electronics engineering essentially deals with the production of all kinds of electronic equipment, computers, medical and scientific electronic instruments and consumer durables. An electronics and communications engineer specializes in telecommunication equipment and processes. There is a high demand for electronics and communications engineers so as to meet the growing requirements of the telecom software development industry, telecom equipment manufacturers and service providers. New research and development in the wireless telecom standards has led to the creation of new opportunities for high-end research and development work.

11. Electrical engineering

Electrical engineering is involved in developing, producing and testing of electrical and electronic machines, such as generators and motors. They also deal with power production and distribution systems. In India, telecom software industry has been hiring electrical engineers in great numbers.

12. Environment engineering

This branch of engineering deals with prevention and control of toxic pollution like air, water, soil and noise. They also build environment friendly industrial processes. Environment engineers are trained in technologies related to public health, public works, waste management, and environmental protection and remediation.

13. Geomatic Engineering

It is a rapidly developing discipline that focuses on spatial information. The location is the primary factor used to integrate a very wide range of data for viewing and analysis. Geomatics engineers apply engineering principles to spatial information and implement relational data structures involving measurement sciences, thus using geomatics and acting as spatial information engineers. Geomatics engineers manage local, regional, national and global spatial data infrastructures. Geomatics Engineering also involves aspects of Computer Engineering and Civil Engineering.

14. Mechatronics Engineering

Mechatronics is the synergistic combination of mechanical engineering ("mecha" for mechanisms, i.e., machines that 'move'), electronic engineering ("tronics" for electronics), and software engineering. The purpose of this interdisciplinary engineering field is the study of automata from an engineering perspective and serves the purposes of controlling advanced hybrid systems.

15. Instrumentation engineering

Instrumentation Engineering is concerned with measurement and control of processes in industry. For example, an instrumentation engineer may be involved with production or design or maintenance of flow measuring equipment.

16. Mechanical engineering

A mechanical engineer studies about production transmission and the use of mechanical power and designing, operating and testing of various types of machines. Mechanical engineering finds applications in all fields of technology. These engineers are required in various industries, such as automobile, chemical, electronics, steel plants, oil exploration and refining, technical wings of armed forces, and space research organization.

17. Nuclear engineering

Nuclear Engineering, as a field of study revolves around the technological application of nuclear energy for the production of energy and related equipment.

18. Systems engineering

Systems engineering is geared towards the design and development of large and complex systems, such as the intercontinental ballistic missiles system. It uses results of systems theories and shares techniques with operations research and is akin to software engineering, which also tackles designing complex systems.

19. Polymer engineering

This branch of engineering is concerned with production of Polymers, their processes and applications.

20. Petroleum engineering

This branch of engineering deals in the production, storage and transportation of petroleum and natural gas.

21. Industrial/ Production engineering

Both Industrial and Production Engineering apply engineering analysis and techniques to the production of goods and techniques, more particularly, mathematical models to simulate flow of work through the organization and to evaluate the effects of any proposed changes.

22. Metallurgical engineering

Metallurgical engineering is concerned with the study of structure, properties, production and use of various materials – metallic and non-metallic. It deals with refining ores to a pure state (extractive metallurgy) and converting refined materials into useful finished products (physical metallurgy)

23. Marine engineering/ Naval architecture

Marine Engineering is related to the production and maintenance of marine machinery and equipment which are used in commercial ships and naval bases. Naval Architecture deals with the design and construction of ships as well as other vehicles.

24. Mining engineering

Mining Engineering as a field of study, is the integrated application of multiple scientific and engineering disciplines related to the extraction of natural materials from the earth’s crust.

25. Ocean engineering

Ocean Engineering deals with the design and installation of all kinds of equipment used in large water bodies.

26. Textile engineering

Textile Engineering is concerned with machinery and processes used to produce both natural and synthetic fibers and textiles.

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